Friday, March 13, 2020
Problems in Gov essays Major issues state governments confront in the U.S. are basic issues that people have a lot to say about. These issues are interest group pressure, waste management, gambling, abortion, gun control, capital punishment, and emergency services. But first lets look at why people vote or do not vote. Why vote is a question that people try and figure out but just can not see reasons why they should take the time to make there way out on an election day and cast there vote. Local and state elections get about 30% of the people in there county, city, or state to come out and vote. Presidential elections always get larger amounts of people to come out and vote. Why do people stay home on Election Day? In class we rationally theorized to try and understand the nonvoting in the states. We came up with a few reasons, they are as follows: Registration requirements that are restrictive, there must be a good competition between the candidates, and peoples civic attachments and education. Hate, l ie, and vote this is the way a rational voter thinks. Rational voters are ones who seek to maximize personal benefits and minimize costs. Then you have your loyal voter. A loyal voter is someone who votes every time and is there for every election, no matter what its for. People who are loyal voters are usually old, wealthy, educated, and/or white. It takes a certain type of person to run for office or participate in the election campaign in someway. The following percentages are of the people who participate in politics: How do you get people to vote/register to vote? You could go door to door to peoples houses, usually job of a councilman. When someone applies for a license they have an opportunity to register. This is the Voter/Motor Law. When a person applies for welfare they have the opportunity to apply to vote also. This is part of the welfare reform. People will go to the polls when they feel that the election is close because t...
Wednesday, February 26, 2020
Selling Executives on Project Management - Assignment Example Decreasing the possibility of failure without involving the project manager is a good way to sell the project. In a project management, one needs to know what the senior management mostly needs from ones Project Management Organization. It mostly depends on the organization arrangement and it difficult to sell it to the manager if it less project zed and more functional. In the buying scenario, the project manager is the initiator of project needs. To sell the project, the manager needs to raise risk alarms where needed, make plans and track them down, call meetings with the organization stakeholders and provide appropriate data to the administration in order to have an easy penetration to the company management. The project manager needs to focus on the demand of customers for new services and product when making their projects. To improve on the delivery of the project, the project manager can focus on a customer who is having problems delivering a particular feature or is unable to deliver it (Wysocki, 2011). This will get the attention of the chief operating officer who has a problem that needs to be addressed urgently. The next step is to focus on addressing the problem the customer is in by drawing out objectives, the improvement to be expected and the duration to be taken which should not be more than six months. Explain to the executives that you want to get validity from their industry to establish what is most required for its improvement. The process that one uses should show the practical experiences one has in delivering projects, what can be achieved at particular time and should match with the organization culture. Executive project managers fail to listen to their employees for using poor delivery techniques of their project. Most managers have a practical experience in their work and lack confident in their employees to deliver their project. The
Sunday, February 9, 2020
Write an in which you discuss what prevents some people from helping others around them who are in need - Essay Example CortÃ ©s arrived at the Mexican coast at a place called Yucatan in 1519 a year after Spain had discovered the country. He named the place Veracruz a name that has remained in use to date. Accompanying him were 508 soldiers ,100 sailors an 14 small canons which he used to defeat the natives during his reign here(Schwartz and Stuart B ,2000 , pg 12) . He first settled in Tabasco where he faced a strong opposition from the natives. However, he fought back harshly and the natives surrendered. This was the start of his success in Mexico. The Tabasco offered his food, women and an interpreter who was known as La Malinche or DoÃ ±a Marina who acted as the go-between with the locals. The Native war-men were not trained and were easily killed easily due to lack of skills and weapons. (Schwartz and Stuart B, 2000, pg 17). Few weeks after his arrival, he set sail from Yutican to the southeastern coast where he found Velasquez. Through orders from king charles1 of Spain, he dismissed the authority of Velasquez and declared himself king .Unlike many native leaders, CortÃ ©s had knowledge on army training and he trained his men to act as a disciplined united unit (Schwartz and Stuart B, 2000, pg 25). The country was rich in minerals and fertile land and CortÃ ©s was determined to dominate the land. He went to an extent of burning his ships to make re-treating not an option. During his stay here, CortÃ ©s learned that the Aztecs under the rule of their powerful leader Montezuma II were a powerful primary force in Mexico. Due to his high level of Education, he knew he had to find support from within on order to conquer this powerful group. After an extensive research that took six months, he discovered the TlaxcalaÃ¢â¬â¢s who were a native group and great enemies of the Aztecs (Schwartz and Stuart B , 2000 , pg 41).The group became an important target during his raid of the
Thursday, January 30, 2020
Community Service Essay Community service is very important because it helps build character, which is something that the Dalton School and the Detroit News would agree with me on. Having community service as a requirement to graduate is a good idea as long as the student can choose what type of community service they want to do; because it forces students to go out in their community and help others. Community Service doesnt have to have a negative effect on people, it can and usually has a good effect. Willie Grothman and Tim Phang are two high school students who started a community service club that helped a lot of people in their community. Community service can be extremely valuable in the development of both character, academics and it gives students a chance to give back to their community. Community service builds character because after accomplishing something, it gives people a feel of satisfaction and accomplishment that makes students feel good about themselves. The Dalton School believes when an individual goes out in the world and interacts with other people in the spirit of bettering, that individual makes a contribution and will feel a sense of accomplishment. But on the other hand, some people argue that it is wrong to force students into doing community service. Arthur Stukas, Mark Snyder, and E. Gil Clary said students were less affected even if they had a choice of community service. These scientists also say that researchers have found that students who initially did not want to volunteer found that they actually enjoyed helping others if requirements were applied gently and with their input and involvement in the process. In my opinion that is what we want to happen when students are involved in community service. From graph two that Mark Hugo presents is that community service has a high rating from the students who are educationally successful which shows that community service can have a positive affect on people. In the Detroit News, they talked about a thirteen year-old boy named John Prueter and the type of community service he did and the positive affect it had on him. He volunteered at the Alterra Sterling House, an assisted living home in Hampton Township. From this experience from John, he now wants to study nursing and he said he became interested in the field because of his volunteer work. This shows the positive result of community service because it can also lead you into the career path you would have never known you liked until you volunteered. Putting time into your community is a way of giving back. The Dalton School says the moral center of a community, that place where we can find the values of empathy, compassion, and caring, is the basis for civic responsibility and the success of that community. In the Washington Post by Tara Bahrampour, she writes about two high school students, Willie Grothman and Tim Phang of Washington- Lee High School experienced the success of communi ty service. They formed a community service club called the Willie Grothman Club and they held things like walking for AIDS, for the homeless and for breast cancer in an event in which they took turns walking relays all night around a track in the rain. For these events they collect pledges of money from friends and family members for each mile they walked or each bowling pin they knocked down. These guys were some of the most inspiring people because they were not just helping their community, but the people in their community who were homeless, had AIDS, etc. Not only did this club change the members lives, but also it changed the lives of others around them, and the people they were helping. Community service does not have to be a negative because it can always turn into a positive. In the Dalton School, the Washington Post, the Detroit News, and Arthur Stukas, Mark Snyder, E. Gil Clary, and Mark Hugo, they all helped me determine that community service should be a requirement to graduate because it can change peoples lives for the better. Thank you for reading my essay but I have another question, which introduction sounds better, the one above or this one: Community service is very important because it helps build character. Having community service as a requirement to graduate is a good idea because it forces students to go out in their community and help others. Community Service doesnt have to have a negative effect on students, it can have a good effect or no effect at all. Willie Grothman and Tim Phang two high school students who started a community service club that helped a lot of people in their community-, The Dalton School, and The Detroit News- who did a story on John Prueter- would agree that community service is important. Community service can be extremely valuable in the development of both character, academics and it gives students a chance to give back to their community.
Wednesday, January 22, 2020
Struggles of African Americans in Langston HughesÃ¢â¬â¢ Poems, Mother to Son and Lenox Avenue: Midnight The experiences, lessons, and conditions of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s life provide a wellspring of inspiration for oneÃ¢â¬â¢s creative expressions and ideas. Throughout life people encounter situations and circumstances that consequently help to mold them into individualized spirits. An individualÃ¢â¬â¢s personality is a reflection of his or her life. Langston Hughes, a world-renowned African American poet and self-professed defender of African American heritage, boldly defies the stereotypical and accepted form of poetry at his own discretion. Although Langston Hughes is a successful African American poet, he, like many other Harlemites, faces obstacles and opposition along his journey through life; however, Hughes embraces his hardships and infuses his life experiences into poetical works that his fellow African Americans can relate to on some level. In both his poems Ã¢â¬Å"Mother to SonÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Lenox Avenue: MidnightÃ¢â¬ Hughes reveals the constant struggle of a ty pical African American living during the 1920Ã¢â¬â¢s. In Ã¢â¬Å"Mother to SonÃ¢â¬ Hughes expresses the desperation of a mother who is anxious for her son to succeed. In the poem the mother hopes to offer her son encouraging words and impart to him the wisdom and knowledge she gains through persevering. While in the latter poem, Ã¢â¬Å"Lenox Avenue: Midnight,Ã¢â¬ Hughes reveals the cultural aspects of a city during the Harlem Renaissance and conveys the emotions of a quintessential African American Harlemite based on his own his experiences as an African American poet living in Harlem, NY. Hughes exposes in both poems the true nature, as he perceives it, of life as an African American in 1920Ã¢â¬â¢s white America. ... ...g hidden within the words of his poem. Works Cited Harper, Donna. Thomson Gale. 12, March 2003. Hughes, Langston. Ã¢â¬Å"The Harlem Renaissance.Ã¢â¬ Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, and Drama. Ed. X.J. Kennedy and Dana Gioia. 3rd Compact ed. New York: Longman, 2003. 767-769. Hughes, Langston. Ã¢â¬Å"Lenox Avenue: Midnight.Ã¢â¬ Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, and Drama. Ed. X.J. Kennedy and Dana Gioia. 3rd Compact ed. New York: Longman 2003. 760. Hughes, Langston. Ã¢â¬Å"Mother to Son.Ã¢â¬ Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, and Drama. Ed. X.J. Kennedy and Dana Gioia. 3rd Compact ed. New York: Longman 2003. 759. Pinckney, Darryl. Ã¢â¬Å"Black Identity in Langston Hughes.Ã¢â¬ Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, And Drama. Ed. X.J. Kennedy and Dana Gioia. 3rd Compact ed. New York: Longman 2003. 772-773.
Tuesday, January 14, 2020
In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s business world, social media is being discussed on a daily basis. This phenomenon has taken over the marketing and advertising industries and has changed the way they handle their efforts to attract customers. There is a big misunderstanding that social media are only popular networking sites such as Facebook and Twitter, but as defined by the Merriam-Webster dictionary, social media are Ã¢â¬Å"forms of electronic communication (as Web sites for social networking and micro blogging) through which users create online communities to share information, ideas, personal messages, and other content (as videos). The rise of these online communities has given companies an opportunity to engage in conversations with their customers. This in turn has allowed them to better understand what people are looking for, and tailor both their products as well as their marketing efforts accordingly. One of the main advantages that social media has brought to businesses is the opportunity to advertise their products through this media. As a result, advertising through social media has proven to be more effective than that through traditional media outlets such as radio, television, magazines, newspapers etc. As stated by Stephen and Galak in their article The complimentary Roles of Traditional and Social Media in driving Marketing Performance, Ã¢â¬Å"Social media is a relatively new form of publicity, and yet the impact of more traditional forms of publicity on marketing outcomes has received disproportionately less attentionÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (pg. #? ). Although Social media is a relatively new way of advertising, companies are finding it to be more lucrative and successful in driving sales than any other media. In this paper I will examine (i) the financial impact that advertising through social media has on companies,(ii) the targeted demographics for this type of advertising and (iii) consumersÃ¢â¬â¢ response to this phenomenon, whether it is positive or negative. Financial Impact of Advertising through Social Media As previously mentioned, businesses are moving away from traditional sources of advertising to more innovative ways that have proven to be more effective. Using the apparel industry as an example, companies are experiencing increased traffic to their websites thanks to their social media ads. They are taking advantage of these sites to further relationships with their customers: Ã¢â¬Å"Apparel brands and retailers that have invested time and resources into crafting a progressive social media strategy have been able to use the medium to further customer loyalty, raise brand awareness, spread advertising messages, create online communities, communicate directly with customers, and in many cases, drive salesÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"Apparel IndustryÃ¢â¬ 1). Apparel retailers are only one example of an industry that has taken advantage of the reach that social media has. Research conducted by Swedish economists Dahlen and Colliander, on the effectiveness of blogs versus online magazines proves that blogs Ã¢â¬Å"generated higher brand attitudes and purchase intentionsÃ¢â¬ than magazines did (pg. #? ). Their experiment was based on posting the same exact text on seven different blogs as well as seven different online magazines and testing their effectiveness in a scale of consumer response and purchases. The fact that blogs were proven more effective proves that even online traditional ads have lost their power. It is not a matter of posting an ad online, but rather building a sense of trust in costumersÃ¢â¬â¢ minds that will drive them to purchase form you. Customers today are faced with more options than ever before, that is why companies strive to maintain close relationships, to make it that much harder for customers to switch to another competitor. Social Media however is not only used to introduce a new product or advertise an existing one, it has also helped companies to regain their reputation after a scandal. After Toyota had to face their decline in sales because of the safety recalls, the company used a combination of Facebook pages and videos on YouTube to promote a Ã¢â¬Å"coolÃ¢â¬ couple that despite otherÃ¢â¬â¢s beliefs drove Sienna cars and felt better than anyone else. The combination of these social networking efforts resulted in approximately 2,000 Facebook fans and 15,000 views on YouTube. Within a couple of weeks Toyota experienced an increase in sales, especially in their Sienna model (Taylor, 258). Toyota is a clear example of a company facing both a financial and reputation crisis that with the help of social media was able to regain some of their lost sales as well as their trust amongst its costumers. Clearly social media can have a direct impact on consumer purchasing patterns, and it has increased the amount of online shopping for several companies. Authors Chung and Austria examine in their article Social MediaÃ Gratification and Attitude towards Social Media marketing Messages, the effect that this phenomenon has had on online shopping value: Ã¢â¬Å"According to the Ã¢â¬Å"2010 Social Media ReportÃ¢â¬ from ForeSee results, 69% of online shoppers use social media. Fifty-six percent of shoppers indicate that they visit e-retail websites on a social networking site and that website visiting affects consumer purchase intentionÃ¢â¬ (? ). Costumers find it convenient to visit a companyÃ¢â¬â¢s Website after seeing an ad in any popular social networking site. It requires minimal effort form the customer and it signifies an important portion of sales to a company. However, Social Media has not only had a positive financial impact on a company, but as it rapidly grows it has now also become a cost for many businesses. Chung and Austria argue how marketers have noticed the increased importance of social media on the marketing mix (product, place, promotion and price). Companies are now opening jobs that focus exclusively on social media. This is an increased labor cost as well as an extra effort for the marketing department, however its proven effectiveness in driving sales outweighs the cost of implementing this department. Targeted Demographics The essence of Social Media is how itÃ¢â¬â¢s easily accessible to everyone, thanks to the Internet. It is a 24-hour business that runs in every part of the world. Although many professionals in the field have argued its acceptance and effectiveness, many could not help but notice that there is an age and demographic aspect of it. Not every potential costumer has access to the Internet as well as not all customers feel comfortable purchasing things online. Social Media is targeted to those generations who were born with technologies like this, and are comfortable using them. There are conflicting opinions in this matter, authors Stephen and Galak argue that social media has grown to be widely accepted amongst many age groups: Ã¢â¬Å"Furthermore, while social media was once the domain of younger, tech- savvy consumers who were faster to adopt new technologies, it is now generally considered to have entered the mainstream and covers a broad demographic spectrum with 75% of Internet-using adults in the United States using such social mediaÃ¢â¬ (? ). They argue that it is a mistake to believe that only tech avy customers would be influenced by social media, since now more than ever anyone with access to a computer has found it inevitable to come across advertising in popular networking sites. However in their article Friends, Fans and Followers: Do Ads work on Social Networks, authors Taylor et al. argue that Ã¢â¬Å"age and gender shape receptivityÃ¢â¬ (? ). They state: Ã¢â¬Å"As more advertisers integrate SNA [social networking ads] into their promotional mix, the need for these questions to be answered becomes apparent. Particularly with members of the 18- to 34-year-old demographic, whose digital-video recorder usage and aversion to print media make them an increasingly elusive target, SNA can be a highly effective channel of engagementÃ¢â¬ (? ). The effectiveness of an ad is not only based on where it is posted but also on who is looking at it. Companies have to pay attention to where they post their advertising based on aspects such as age, gender, location, etc. An ad for dentures that appears on an 18 year old kidÃ¢â¬â¢s Facebook page will most definitely not be as effective as an ad for a popular apparel brand. Although there might be certain demographics that affect the effectiveness of advertising through social media, it is inevitable to admit that social media users are a lucrative market that companies need to reach: In 2009, Facebook and Twitter both posted triple-digit growth in the number of users (comScore, 2010). Users appear to be spending more time on social networking sites as well, growing from an average of 3 hours per week in December 2008 to more than 5. 5 hours in December 2010 (Nielsenwire, 2010). To tap this growing market, advertisers spent an estimated $1. billion on SNA [social networking ads] in 2009, with totals for 2010 expected to grow by more than 7 percent (Williamson, 2009). During a single month in 2009, SNA accounted for nearly 69 billion advertising impressions, with 129. 6 million unique users (comScore, 2009). (Taylor, 260) Facebook and Twitter are only a few of the most popular networking sites, and these numbers reflect only the results from these two sites. If all social media outlets would be taken into account the market is even bigger, with more customers to reach. Consumer Response In addition to all the good things that have been attributed to advertising through social media, studies have shown that there is a percentage of customers who have stopped using social media in part because of the amount of advertising that fills these sites. It is impossible to open a popular social media site such as YouTube or Facebook and not feel bombarded by advertising. Most of these ads are trying to sell consumer products, but there is also an increase in the selling of services or the advertisement of not for profit organizations that are looking for support. Marketers have argued that as much as advertising through social media is effective, there is a fine line between effectiveness and annoyance: Ã¢â¬Å"according to one industry-sponsored study, only 22 percent of consumers had a positive attitude toward social media advertisingÃ¢â¬âand 8 percent of consumers studied had abandoned an SNS [social networking site] because of what they perceived as excessive advertising (AdReaction, 2010)Ã¢â¬ (Taylor, 258). As costumers we all feel constantly approached by companies through their advertisements. It is not only online, but on a daily basis you will encounter companiesÃ¢â¬â¢ marketing efforts all around. The initial intention behind social networking sites was giving people a chance to build online communities and share content with each other. However this has dramatically changed since now it is impossible not to feel attacked by all the ads. Another growing concern in the minds of consumers is privacy issues. The ads that appear on your personal Facebook page are carefully chosen by a system based on your age, gender, location and past Ã¢â¬Å"click-onsÃ¢â¬ . These ads are perfectly tailored to those targeted consumers to be more effective. However, having your information available to everyone and anyone is becoming an important issue for social network users. Brad Stone, columnist for the New York Times quotes: Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ËWhen it works, itÃ¢â¬â¢s amazingly impactful, but when it doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t work, itÃ¢â¬â¢s not only creepy but off-putting,Ã¢â¬â¢ said Tim Hanlon, a principal at the consulting firm Riverview Lane Associates of Chicago. Ã¢â¬ËWhat a marketer might think is endearing, by knowing a little bit about you, actually crosses the line pretty easilyÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ (? . ItÃ¢â¬â¢s one thing to come across ads that are targeted to everyone and might or might not have an impact on you, but when you see something that looks like it is talking directly to you, it might have a negative impact. The increase in sales through the use of social media has also been attributed to the fact that customers feel like they are engaging in a conversation with other customers when they receive recommendations through social networking sites. Colliander and Dahlen quote: Ã¢â¬Å"In a 2009 article, The Economist reported that contemporary consumers use social media to help make purchases because they rely on Ã¢â¬Å"recommendations from friendsÃ¢â¬ (The Economist, 2009). The word Ã¢â¬Å"friendsÃ¢â¬ seems to indicate some sort of PSI. Are bloggers really friends, however? Ã¢â¬ Para-social interaction (PSI) refers to the illusion of a face-to-face relationship that is created online. Social media allows these kind of interactions. When reading a blog you might come across a recommendation of where to purchase certain products. These recommendations seem to come from a friend, since in blogs you will most often find the bloggerÃ¢â¬â¢s name and other credentials. The question is however, are these people really bloggers? Or are they employees of that same company that are using social media to reach potential customers. Are they hiding behind another customerÃ¢â¬â¢s face? It is undeniable that people have begun to generate a negative response to advertising through social media for this exact reason. It has lost the essence of being an online community, to being another source through which companies look to improve their sales digits. Looking at all the aspects that deal with advertising through social media, I canÃ¢â¬â¢t help but ask myself a question: How much advertising is too much? When will that thin line between annoyance and effectiveness be crossed, and consumers will find themselves walking away from these online communities? Consumers have clearly manifested their discontent towards companies taking over their social network sites. It is an increased concern that information is available for everyone and anyone, and therefore consumers are more apprehensive to sharing their credentials as well as their thoughts online. Should companies start thinking of the effect that their excessive ads will have, and the negative response they might get. I personally believe that ads are unavoidable, however there is a need for stronger rights that protect customer privacy. Companies should not only make an effort to get to know their costumers by engaging in online conversations, but they should also respect the privacy of consumersÃ¢â¬â¢ information and refrain from over-advertising in popular social media sites.
Monday, January 6, 2020
Directed by Paul Haggis, the movie Crash (2004) addresses the social issues of individuals living in Los Angeles while revealing that the lives of these Ã¢â¬Å"strangersÃ¢â¬ are all somehow intersected. The film opens at the scene of a car accident where detective Graham powerfully states, that the people of Los Angeles have lost their Ã¢â¬Å"sense of touchÃ¢â¬ (Haggis, 2004). Within a thirty-six hour period, we see how such controversial issues such as racism, discrimination, and prejudice cripple the diverse community of Los Angeles. The movie Crash takes us on a journey through the lives of many individuals of diverse races, from different social classes, though all struggling similar battles. While viewing the movie Crash through a sociological lens, some of the most prevalent sociological terms and theories that are intertwined throughout the film include: stereotyping, race, social class, racism, sexual harassment, discrimination, prejudice, Thomas TheoremÃ¢â¬â¢s Th eory, deviance, and crime. In the opening scene of the movie, it is evident that an accident has just taken place. As an Asian woman gets out of her car to approach the other driver she screams, Ã¢â¬Å"Mexicans no know how to driveÃ¢â¬ (Haggis, 2004). This is an example of stereotyping or making a general assumption geared towards a specific population based on race, ethnicity, culture etc.. Another example of stereotyping is visited when Anthony (played by Ludacris) and his friend, Peter leave the diner after their meal andShow MoreRelatedMarketing and E-commerce Business65852 Words Ã |Ã 264 Pagesinspiration, and experimentation. 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